18
Nov 2013
by larry

Winter Tips for Utility Bikers

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If you are like many utility bikers, especially if you replaced your car with an electric cargo bike, not biking in the winter is not an option. No matter what the weather conditions, you still need to bike to take your kids to school, commute to work, and pick up groceries. Is that even possible in the winter? The answer is emphatically yes. You’ll find a bike can get you where you need to go in any weather, in some ways more comfortably, more quickly and more safely than other forms of transportation. Sometimes it takes a bit of a sense of adventure to get going, but once you do you’ll find dread of winter biking is misplaced. Here’s some tips to help you along.

Splurge

First and foremost splurge on winter clothing. Take what you are used to spending on winter clothes and double it. If you consider that the average cost of a car is $600 to $900 a month, and you are replacing your car, it’s totally worth it to spend a few hundred dollars on a good coat, boots, gloves and rain pants that will last many seasons. I’m planning to open an electric and cargo bike store next spring (Boxy Bikes) so I’ve researched the best apparel vendors for utility biking. Showers Pass in Oregon has both thoughtful design and utilitarian values that I like.

Don’t Wear Warm Clothing

CC2 Pant-2However, don’t wear warm clothing. You probably don’t want to bike in a ski outfit. When biking, your core body temperature remains high because you are exercising. (In fact, I’ve sometimes turned off my bike’s electric motor in order to pedal harder and warm up!) A windproof shell with good venting is more important than thick insulation. And thin waterproof rain pants are more useful than padded ski pants. Even better are bike pants that can be vented or that can be converted to knickers. I know you might be thinking “I wouldn’t be caught dead wearing knickers!” Knickers solve a frustrating problem with rain pants. If you wear rain pants in a storm, you’ll find that no matter how “breathable” they are your legs get wet from sweating. And if you don’t wear rain paints, they get wet from the rain. However, experience bikers know that rain in a storm falls mainly on the thighs, which are facing upwards. Knickers are the best solution in rainy weather because they cover your thighs but leave your calves to breath.

The coldest part of your body will be your hands, since you are required to keep at least one of them on the handlebars at all times. Consider getting electrically heated gloves such as motorcyclists and skiers wear. The only other ski equipment you might want is a pair of goggles for riding in snow flurries. You may only use them once or twice a season, but when you do they are worth it.

You Must Have Studded Tires

x_img_winterOnce you’ve taken care of your own body, consider the needs of your bicycle. The biggest challenge to winter riding is staying upright on ice, which may appear beneath your wheels when you least expect it. Pardon the all caps, but IF YOU RIDE IN THE WINTER YOU MUST PUT STUDDED TIRES ON YOUR BIKE. They may only save your life once or twice a season, but surely that is enough. You will have better traction than cars. Note that the purpose of the studs is not to help with snow riding, but to help with street riding on streets that may have a film of ice on them. You might think you can simply see where the ice is and avoid it, or not go out when it’s icy. Unfortunately there are situations where there may be ice under a layer of slush, or a street will be ice free in sunny areas but dangerously icy in shady areas. Studded tires are noisy and don’t roll as efficiently as regular tires, so here in New York it’s a good idea to switch to regular tires from April to November, and use the studded tires from December to March. Note that you need studded tires on both your front and rear wheels. Again, as a shop owner I’ve determined that the best studded tires are made by Schwalbe and Nokkian. You can read a lot more about studded snow tires here.

Baby Your Batteries

Your batteries are the most expensive part of your bike, so it’s worthwhile to take care of them. When the weather gets below freezing, if you haven’t done so already set up your charger inside. Temperatures around the freezing point won’t damage your battery, but batteries will be reduced to about 80% of their power and range, so plan ahead. Batteries can only be damaged by sub-zero temperatures (less than 0 degrees fahrenheit or -17 celsius). Batteries with different chemistries have different temperature ranges, so check your battery’s spec sheet.

Don’t Avoid Salt Damage

Your bike will suffer in the winter, especially from road salt. Road salt corrodes aluminum and accelerates rust. There’s nothing you can do. You can try cleaning it off, as  non-utility bikers will recommend. But if you keep your bike in an unheated garage or on the street that might not be an option. And as a utility biker you want to spend time using your bike, not cleaning it. A better strategy is to use one bike in winter that you don’t mind getting trashed, and use another finer machine the rest of the year. You only need to keep a few critical moving parts working. The bike parts most affected by salt will be the chain and the derailleurs. You can keep a chain alive through the winter by regularly oiling it with very thick oil such as Phil’s Tenacious Oil. Then simply replace it in the spring. This is a lot easier then trying to clean it.

Remove Points of Failure

And my advice for the derailleurs: get rid of them. You probably don’t need them. If you ride an electric bike you have probably discovered that you only use the top gear of your bicycle. Your bike may have 24 or even 27 gears but you only use one. That’s because the most natural way to ride an electric bike is to use the motor to accelerate to top speed, then pedal in the highest gear of the bike to maintain that speed. It is easy to disable the rear derailleur by removing the cable and using the limit screws to position the derailleur over one cog. Similarly remove the front derailleur cable and cage and then manually place the chain on the chainring of your choice. You’ll find this eliminates a lot of winter riding headaches.

Experience Winter Happiness

When you are out and about on you bike this winter you will find many occasions that make you glad you’re on a bike. You will awake to the sound of a neighbor’s car spinning its wheels, unable to get out of an icy spot. You will realize you haven’t needed to shovel your driveway this winter. You will pass a group of people shivering at a bus stop and notice that you, in contrast, are pleasantly warm from mild exertion. You will pass cars that have slid into the ditch and were abandoned, and you will think how lucky you are to be on a bike. You will find yourself on a country road on a moonlit night in fresh fallen snow, and you will experience the deepest silence you have ever known.

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  • http://samh.net/ Sam Haraldson

    Yes, in order to ride your bicycle in winter you MUST purchase new clothing and you MUST not dare ride without studded tires.

    • markstos

      Delete.

    • Laurence Clarkberg

      You have it backwards Sam: we’re not saying these things are necessary because we sell them, we sell them because they’re necessary. Regular bike stores ignore the needs of utility bikers. How many bike stores in your area sell studded tires? I’m guessing none, because the lycras they cater to train indoors in the winter.

      • http://samh.net/ Sam Haraldson

        Laurence, my bold comments were meant to highlight that I feel the article makes a case for winter cycling only to those who are willing to go out and spend the $200+ on quality waterproof clothing and $150+ on studded tires. The cycling organizations I volunteer with have found that the best way to alienate a new set of riders is to inform them they need to spend money.

        I personally have a penchant for quality outdoor clothing and the nicest set of studded tires money can buy (every LBS in my town sells them) so my comment isn’t a snide one to recommend against the items. Rather, I recommend the need to offer up alternatives to get new winter riders onto the street without suggesting they spend a lot of money. I’d be happy to pen such an article if requested.

        Cheers,
        Sam

        • Laurence Clarkberg

          Sam I would welcome such an article. You can send it to me at laurence@boxybikes.com. Photos of winter riding too if you have them.

          • Laurence Clarkberg

            Here’s some background on my all caps statement that studded tires are necessary. When I began riding through the winter four years ago I searched locally for studded tires. I finally found only one dusty tire in the back of a store; the bike shop owner assured me that one studded tire on the rear was enough. Shortly afterwards as I was coming down a hill with my daughter on the back of my Xtracycle, ice appeared under the bike. The front wheel slid out, and we went down hard (bruises only, no broken bones). It’s clear the the shop owner wasn’t experienced with riding on ice, and that no LBS in Ithaca were interested in the needs of utility bikers, meaning electric bike and cargo bikes. I determined to open my own shop so that my experience as a utility biker could benefit others. I have found as a shop owner that people are suspicious of my motives; they think that I am just trying to sell them stuff. Perhaps in modern society this easy suspicion is just the way it is. I agree with you that new clothing might not be necessary for winter biking; however, I still maintain that not using studded tires in winter is a big mistake, even if they cost over $100.

          • http://samh.net/ Sam Haraldson

            Laurence, I honestly had no idea the “Bikes as Transportation” blog was associated with a particular shop so my comments were of a more generalized nature to promote low and no-cost options to get fair-weather cyclists to consider biking through the winter.

            I absolutely agree with Mark Stosberg that studded tires are infinitely better than standards tires during the icy winter months we experience here in Montana and I generally run them from early December through May 1st.

            I’ll consider penning an article highlighting this for this blog as I’ve been a fan of it for quite some time.

            Cheers,
            Sam

        • markstos

          I skeptical about the necessity of studded tires until my pregnant wife hit some nice with a young child on the bike. When it comes to ice, even an experienced cyclist can find themselves on the ground before you know what happened.

  • grindz145

    Rocking a cheap currie Izip this winter, with Nokan extreme 296s. I’m never putting a car on the road again.

  • Justin Washu O’Brien

    I have been riding a currie tech ezip (my main bike) most of the winter and it has been awesome! I gave up for three days where it was around -10 but other than that the winter has been fantastic.